A timeline of Hinduism-2000BCE till 1950-Prana Kishore

A timeline of Hinduism-2000BCE till 1950


2800-2000 BCE

Indus Valley civilization. 

1200-900 BCE

Early Vedic Period – earliest Vedas are compiled.

900-600 BCE

Late Vedic period – Brahmanical religion develops, emphasizing ritual and social obligation.

800-300 BCE

The 11 major Upanishads are written, which include the ideas of reincarnation and karma. 

500 BCE-1000 CE

Epics and Puranas are written, reflecting the rise of devotional movements dedicated to ShivaVishnu and Devi.

5th cent. BCE

Buddhism and Jainism founded in India.

c. 320-185 BCE

Mauryan Dynasty founded by Chandragupta. 

c. 320-500 CE

Gupta empire.

c. 500-650 CE

Gupta empire divides into several kingdoms. 

c. 600-1600 CE

Rise of devotional movements, puja (worship) rituals, and idea of equality of devotees. 

7th-11th cent.

Esoteric movements based on Tantras develop.

c. 870-1280

Cholas dynasty. Hinduism arises in the south. 


European presence in southern Asia begins with the arrival of Vasco de Gama. 


Portugese missionaries arrive in India. 

17th-19th cent.

Hindu Renaissance.

c. 1700

British East India Company formed. 


Collapse of the Mughal empire; British begin to take power. 


National War of Independence against the British is sparked by the British use of cow fat in guns. 


Queen Victoria becomes Empress of India.


Vedanta Society founded by Vivekananda. Promotes Hinduism as a world religion and India as a single nation. 


Gandhi joins the nationalist movement. 


India regains independence, but its partitioning leads to conflicts between Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs.


Assassination of Gandhi. 


Constitution of the Republic of India

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