Significance of UGADI
The Telugu New Year-Vijaya 10th April 2013 in USA 11th April in India
Yugaadi-krit Yugaavarto Naikamaayo Mahashanah
Adrishyo Vyaktaroopashcha Sahasrajid Anandajit
Ugadi, a part and parcel of the concept of Hindu time element marks the beginning of the most auspicious season Vasantha Ruthu (Spring Season) when generally we find trees start to blossom. Yugaadi denote one of the several names of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu. Sloka # 33 of Sri Vishnu Sahasra Nama Sthothram describes Lord Vishnu as Yugaadi-krit (one who creates Yugas), Yugaavarto (one who causes the repetition of Yugas)…. Hence, it is befitting to celebrate this day with the worship of the Para Brahma, the Supreme Lord, Sri ManNarayana who is the cause and effect of this infinite Time element.
As per the Hindu Lunar Calendar, first day (Prathama thithi) of Sukla Paksha (Bright fortnight) in Chaithra Masam is considered as the day on which the Creation had started that marked the beginning of Sri Swetha Varaha Kalpa. That day is being referred to as Kalpaadi. It is also considered as the day on which the Yuga had commenced and hence, it is also referred to as Yugaadi or Ugadi. As per the astrological estimates it is said that Lord Sri Krishna’s Niryana took place on the first day of the bright fortnight in the month of Chaitra Masam that marked the beginning of Kaliyuga. Hence, Ugadi can be assumed as the beginning of Kaliyuga. The word Yugadi can be explained as; ‘Yuga‘ is the word for ‘epoch’ or ‘era’, and ‘ādi’ stands for ‘the beginning’. Yugadi specifically refers to the start of the age we are living in now, Kali Yuga. Kali Yuga started the moment when Lord Krishna left the world. Maharshi Vedavyasa describes this event with the words “Yesmin Krishno divamvyataha, Tasmat eeva pratipannam Kaliyugam“. Kali Yuga began on February 17/18 at midnight in 3102 BCE.
In the concept of Ugaadi the sixty year cycle has the following names.
(locate Vijaya year and see how many more to go)
Prabhava, Vibhava, Shukla, Pramoda, Prajapathi, Angeerasa, Shrimukha, Bhaava, Yuva, Dhaata, Eeshwara, Bahudhaanya, Pramadhi, Vikrama, Vrusha, Chitrabhanu, Subhanu, Taarana, Paarthiva, Vyaya, Sarvajittu, Sarvadhaari, Virodhi, Vikruthi, Khara, Nandana, Vijaya, Jaya, Manmatha, Durmukha, Hevalambi, Vilambi, Vikaari, Saarvari, Plava, Shubakrut, Shobhakrut, Krodhi, Vishvavasu, Paraabhava, Plavanga, Keelaka, Saumya, Saadhaarana, Virodhikrit, Paridhavi, Pramaadee, Aananda, Raakshasa, Nala, Pingala, Kaalayukthi, Siddharthi, Raudra, Durmathi, Dundubhi, Rudhirodgaari, Raktaakshi, Krodhana, and Akshaya.
As per a popular legend these sixty names are said to have been associated with the Divine Sage Narada. Considered as Brahma Manasa Puthra, Sage Narada is a great Scholar, Saint and Philosopher depicted as a Divine Messenger. In all the Divine stories we find Narada playing a key role and his involvement in one way or the other. As per the legend in brief, once upon a time Sage Narada caught in the mystery of Sri Maha Vishnu Maya (illusion) added with a curse from Lord Brahma had to become a damsel with a desire to experience the materialistic life. In the process the Damsel marries a King and gives birth to 60 sons. Later, during the course of time the King along with his 60 sons dies in a battle. Grief stricken the damsel (Narada) came out of illusion with Lord’s mercy and realised that it was the Maya of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu. In memory of Narada’s (Damsel’s) sons and to give eternity to their names, Lord Vishnu blessed them that thenceforth, the sixty year cycle of Hindu time element would be represented by their names.
Ugaadi signifies the current period in which we are living as per the Hindu time element in a 60 year cycle with each new year (Ugaadi) denoted by a unique name starting from Prabhava and ending with Akshaya.
In North India and Gujarat people follow the calendar as per the Vikrama Sakha and accordingly the commencement of New Year differs. There, it starts from the first day of Chaitra Bahula Paksha known as Baisakhi. In Gujarat it will be from the first day of Kartheeka Masam after Deepavali Amavasya. Even in South India where Salivahana Sakha is followed, commencement of the New Year is observed on two different dates. In case of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharastra and Goa, Ugadi is observed on the first day of Sukla Paksha in Chaithra Masam as per the Lunar Calendar known as Chaandramana. In Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Ugaadi occurs as per Solar Calendar known as Sauramana, on the day when Sun enters into Mesha (Aries) Raasi which generally happen around 13th or 14th of April every year. While it is known as Ugaadi in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, it is called as Gudi Padwa in Maharastra and Goa. While in Tamil Nadu it is called as Puthandu festival, in Kerala it is known as Vishu festival.
Ugaadi marks the beginning of nine day festival called Vasantha Navaraathri also known as Sri Rama Navarathri celebrated for a period of nine days ending with Sri Rama Navami. It is a Hindu tradition to begin any new activity on an auspicious note especially if it is coinciding with Ugadi. It is considered as one of the four very auspicious days in Electional Astrology and is known as Sade Theen Muhurtha. On this day it is prescribed and highly meritorious to perform Thailabhyanganam, Sun worship, Nimba Kusuma Bhakshana, Panchanga Sravanam etc…
Symbolic eating of a dish with six tastes-Ugadhi Pachadi
The eating of a specific mixture of six tastes (షడ్రుచులు), called Ugadi Pachhadi (ఉగాది పచ్చడి) in Telugu and Bevu-Bella (ಬೇವು-ಬೆಲ್ಲ) in Kannada, symbolizes the fact that life is a mixture of different experiences (sadness, happiness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise), which should be accepted together and with equanimity through the New Year.
The special mixture consists of:
- Neem Buds/Flowers for its bitterness, signifying Sadness
- Jaggery and ripe banana pieces for sweetness, signifying Happiness
- Green Chilli/Pepper for its hot taste, signifying Anger
- Salt for saltiness, signifying Fear
- Tamarind Juice for its sourness, signifying Disgust
- Unripened Mango for its tang, signifying Surprise
Panchanga Sravanam Meaning? And why we must listen to it on Ugadhi day?
Panchanga means an almanac that contains the astronomical/astrological daily details mainly related to Thithi, Day (Vara), Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana called as Pancha Anga (five limbs or five elements) that helps in identifying various auspicious/inauspicious moments of electional astrology. Panchanga also indicates forecasts for eclipses, weather, monsoon, transit of planets, implications to individuals based on their birth stars, zodiac signs, raasi phala, and general trend with respect to economy, political scenario.
On the day of Yugaadi people traditionally gather to listen from the learned, the recitation of Panchanga for the forthcoming year and the general forecast. In the present days of Television Technology this type of gatherings have come down as people listen Panchanga Sravanam from a live telecast by various regional Television Channels.
It is said and believed that by doing Panchanga Sravanam and praying the Navagraha at this moment on Yugaadi day, auspicious results can be attained.
Thithescha sriyamapnothi varaadayushya vardhanam
Nakshathradharathe papam, yogadroganivaranam
Karanathkarya siddhisthu panchangaphalamutthamam
Kala Vithkarma Kruddhimaan Devathanugraham Labheth
Meaning: Thithi (day) gives wealth, Vara (week) enhances the longevity, Nakshatra (star) removes the sins, Yoga (fortune) cures the diseases, and Karana (Half part of thithi) gives success in deeds. One who does the karma by knowing the above will have Divine blessings. That is why every day during Sandhya vandana (daily prayer) one is required to do Sankalpa where in, all the above five elements are recited.
Panchanga Sravana on the day of Yugaadi is very auspicious. It is said that it will give the result (phala) of taking bath in sacred river Ganges, blessings of Navagraha. Sun gives courage and glory, Moon gives status, Mars gives auspiciousness, Mercury gives intelligence, Jupiter gives knowledge, Venus gives comfort and happiness, Saturn removes sorrow and obstacles, Rahu gives popularity, and Kethu gives significance.
Donating water starting from this day for 4 months (summer months) is said to be very auspicious and sacred.
Prapeyam SarvaSamanya Bhoothebhya: prathipaditha
PradanathPitharasarve Thrupyanthucha Pithamaha
Anivaarya Mithodeyam Jalammaasa Chathustayam
We would have observed in many towns voluntary organizations erecting the spots called Chalivendram where passersby are served with water stored in earthen pots covered with cloth during summer months. It is said that by doing this activity all the fore fathers gets pleased.
Udaka means water, Kumbha means pot. Giving charity of water stored in a pot made up of Copper, Silver, or at least earthen pot (made up of mud) covered with a new cloth to a Brahmin during this period is said to be very sacred that gives multi fold results.
* Yesha DharmaGhato Dhattoh Brahma Vishnu Sivathmaka
* Asya Pradhanathsakalam mamasanthu manoratha
Meaning this water pot called Dharma Ghata signifies the trinal lords (Brahma, Vishnu and Siva) bring unto me fulfillment of all desires.
Sri Krishna said that Masaanaam Margasirshoham, Ruthunaam Kusumaakara meaning the month Margasira is the most sacred among the months and Vasantha (Kusuma) or spring season is the most sacred among the seasons.
Like we celebrate nine day festival during Dussera season, similarly a nine day spring festival is celebrated beginning with Yugaadi (Chaitra Sukla Paadyami) and ending with Sri Rama Navami. During these nine days Goddess Devi/Durga is worshipped. In some places it is celebrated as Rama Navarathri worshiping Lord Sri Rama during these nine days. People also perform parayana of sacred books during the nine days like Ramayana, Sundarakanda, and Devi Bhagavatham.
Free 100 years Panchangam
There is a myth that how one live on the day of Ugaadi similar will be the way one live throughout the year. More than the myth the philosophy is we reap what we sow as the old saying goes. You sow the good then you reap the good. A good thought/action has a good result and an evil thought/action has a bad result. We are the makers of our own fate. As per Karma Philosophy we sow seeds of Karma for our future births through our thoughts and vision and plan for our Karma (Agami Karma) in future births. To attain good results, the foundation we lay for our thought/action should be good from day one perhaps from the Yugaadi Day.
Wishing you and your family a very Happy Prosperous Ugadhi
courtesy : Wiki and my panchang site